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Religions of Bangladesh

About Bangladesh Related Topics

History of Bangladesh | Basic Information of Bangladesh |  Seasons of Bangladesh | Geography of Bangladesh |  Weather of Bangladesh |  Politics of Bangladesh | Religions of Bangladesh | Transportation System |  Cultural Activities | Dance and Music | Fruits and Foods |  Peoples of Bangladesh | Villages of Bangladesh | Nature of Bangladesh |  World Heritage | Bangladesh Information

Islam is the state religion of Bangladesh while almost all (88 percent) of the population adhere to the Sunni branch. Most of the remainder is Hindus, and the country has small communities of Buddhists, Christians and animists. 

As stated earlier most Bangladeshi Muslims are Sunnis, but there is a small Shia community. Among religious festivals of Muslims Eidul Fitr, Eidul Azha, Eiday Miladunnabi, Muharram etc. are prominent. 

Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Kali Puja etc. are main festivals of  Hindu community. Hindus in are almost evenly distributed in all regions, with concentrations in Khulna, Jessore, Dinajpur, Faridpur, and Barisal. There are some stranded Biharis, who are not ethnic Bangalees, are Urdu-speaking Muslim refugees from Bihar and other parts of northern India. They were left behind in Bangladesh during the 1971 war. Hundreds of thousands of Biharis were repatriated to Pakistan after the war. 

Indigenous community represents less than 1 percent of the total population. They live in the Chittagong Hills and in the regions of Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. Majority of them live in rural areas. They differ in their social organization, marriage customs, birth and death rites, food, and other social customs from the people of the rest of the country. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages. Major tribes are the Chakmas, Maghs (or Marmas), Tipras, Murangs, Kukis and Santals. They can be distinguished from one another more by differences in their dialect, dress, and customs than by tribal cohesion. Only the Chakmas and Marmas display formal tribal organization. They are of mixed origin but reflect more Bengali influence than any other tribe. Unlike the other tribes, the Chakmas and Marmas generally live in the highland valleys. Most Chakmas are Buddhists, but some practice Hinduism or Animism. 

The Santals live in the northwestern part of Bangladesh. They obey a set of religious beliefs closely similar to Hinduism. The Khasais live in Sylhet in the Khasia Hills near the border with Assam, and the Garo and Hajang in the northeastern part of the country.

 
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