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World Heritage

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Bangladesh has three World Heritage sites:

Sundarbans – the world's largest mangrove forest

Bagerhat - the historical mosque city

Paharpur - the ruins of the Somapuri vihara


The Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world is situated in the south-west corner of Bangladesh. The total area of the Sundarbans reserved forest including the West Bengal portion, comprises of 10,000 sq. km., of which Bangladesh portion is approximately 6000, inclusive of new emerging islands. The area is divided into 55 administrative forest compartments by the Department of forest and environment, each with a land area of 40 to 160 and divided into several islands.

The Sundarbans contribute much to the economy of the southwestern region of Bangladesh as well as in the national economy. The forest has been declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1999.

There are three wildlife sanctuary areas 'Kotka-Kachikhali Tiger point', 'Hironpoint' and 'Manderbaria', number of unexplored natural beaches, innumerable rivers, canals and creeks in the Sundarbans forest, one third of which is water body making the waterways as the only means to enter the forest.

One might enjoy the beauty and the beasts of the Sundarbans  with the dazzling expanse of green, the blue heaven overhead meeting the horizon, the playful high tide and the ebb, the very smell of life in the air and the pristine sea beach.

Royal Bengal tigers and wildlife

Bengal Tiger (bagh) one of the largest living cats on earth, belongs to family Felidae, order Carnivora. The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is designated as the national animal of Bangladesh and is well known as the Royal Bengal Tiger. Its body is rich yellow to reddish ochre in colour with vertically arranged black stripes, more pronounced towards the rump and thighs. The yellow tail has a series of black rings and ends up with a black tip. The female is smaller than male. The Bengal tiger plays a vital role in the ecological system as well as in the rich mythology and legend.

The Sundarbans is famous as the habitat for spotted deer, wild boar, rhesus monkey, salt-water crocodile, water monitor lizard, pythons, etc. The forest treasures 330 plant species, 35 species of reptiles, 400 types of fishes, 270 species of birds and 42 species of mammals. 

Tour in Sundarbans


Shait Gambuj Mosque

The ‘Shat Gambuj’ Mosque is a unique example of Sultanate monuments in Bagerhat.General Khan Jahan, sent from Delhi to build an Islamic city in the 15th Century. He adorned Bagherhat with a large number of mosques. Sixty Domed Mosque is the one of his notable establishments, which was declared later a World Heritage Site.


Paharpur, a grand and impressive Buddhist monastery, is an important archaeological site in Bangladesh, situated in a village named Paharpur (Pahadpur) under the Badalgachhi Upazila of Naogaon district. The village is connected with the nearby Railway station Jamalganj, the district town Naogaon and Jaipurhat town by metalled roads. It stands the ruins of the lofty (about 24m high from the surrounding level) ancient temple which was covered with jungle, locally called Pahar or hill from which the palace got the name of Paharpur. The site would remind that Bengal was a prosperous Buddhist centre. Paharpur later has been declared a World Heritage Site.


Additional information